Welcome back home in Afghanistan

Welcome Back Home In Afghanistan

This website presents information for Afghan refugees who want to return

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Help is a German international NGO working for the people of Afghanistan since 1981. Our Head-office is located in Bonn, Germany.

In Afghanistan we focus on the Provinces of Herat and Bamyan. We specialize in 2 sectors:

1. Capacity building for civil society and good governance - see the special articles on this website under the folder: "Capacity Building".

2. Vocational training in marketable skills + job-facilitation.

This website offers a fresh view on Afghanistan, and specific information for potential returnees and IDPs who wish to learn a profession and re-integrate.

To address the needs of returnees and IDPs in Afghanistan, TVET (Technical, Vocational Education and Training) is a precondition for the creation of jobs and long-term employment, and the cornerstone of balanced economic development with the potential to keep pace with the trends and demands of the global economy.

TVET – if praxis-oriented and focused on marketable skills – opens a credible professional perspective for the Afghan Youth, while increasing productivity and profitability at all levels.

In view of its key-role for the socio-economic development of the country, the proper delivery of TVET must be regarded as a public mandate rather than a playground for private amateurs, and become a top-priority of good governmental action in the coming decade.

While financial and advisory support from international partners, the active participation of the private sector and contributions from the beneficiaries themselves are welcomed, the financial basis of TVET has to be granted through long-term regular funding from public budgets.

TVET must be attractive and flexible to offer chances for people from different educational and social backgrounds. It must also be part of a dynamic social network linking the educational sector with the professional spheres of labor-market and entrepreneurship.

While in general, TVET should be open for graduates of Grade 10, special modules are to be designed to facilitate the entry of motivated and talented trainees with lower formal qualification.  On the other hand, even higher qualified youth and academics should be given a chance to learn an artisanal trade if that complements their theoretical studies and leads to employment.

At any rate, TVET needs follow-up action to be successful and introduce graduates to decent jobs. “Employment Service Centers / ESCs” must be established as “public-private partnership” in every provincial capital at least. These ESCs will serve as a platform for cooperation and link between the 2 sectors of     TVET / Jobseekers and      Labor market / Employers.

Organizational structures governing TVET must be streamlined and decentralized. At national level, the existing parallel hierarchies, splitting competences between 2 Ministries and the NSDP as autonomous body lead to red-tape and inefficiency. Rather, 1 single authority should be responsible and take the lead in developing a flexible national framework within which adapted solutions can be implemented which will fit the specific needs in regions and provinces.

Since Afghanistan is - and will remain for decades - in a process of “development with uneven speed”, uniform decrees from above will not match the specific challenges in the regions and provinces. Rather, qualified stakeholders at regional and provincial level must be authorized to design proper solutions for the shape and content of TVET and organize their implementation on the spot.

Why we work for Returnees and IDPs:

Pushing these – often highly motivated – Returnees and IDPs to the fringes of society or even giving them up entirely, amounts to an outright waste of human capital and economic resources: The – widely unknown - fact is that the growing modern sector of the Afghan economy, notably in urban areas, NEEDS more qualified hands than the outmoded educational system actually produces. In the industrial belt of Herat, well-trained electricians, plumbers and logisticians are sought and offered high salaries, while the thriving tourism-sector in Bamyan desperately looks for fine cooks, stock-managers, maintenance-officers and mechanics for their 4x4 SUVs. A graduated B.A. in international law CAN NOT meet these market demands properly. By contrast, a graduate from a professional TVET-course CAN!

Analysis of the root-problems:

Over the last 7 years, Help has been implementing training- and reintegration- projects for returnees IDPs and local vulnerable. In joint efforts with MoRR, MoLSA and UNHCR, we carried out research and interviewed hundreds of returnees and IDPs in 2008 - 2015. The most interesting detailed findings of our assessments are:

Returnees to Afghanistan face these major problems :

  1. 92 % lack regular schooling-education and therefore have difficulties to read, write and learn without external help.
  2. Almost none has profited from vocational training of any sort. Hence, they do not qualify for attractive jobs and higher salaries.
  3. 68 % lack proper registration and have no national ID card, passport or certificate of birth. Hence, their mobility is restricted and legal rights are restrained.
  4. At least 55 % come back as strangers to their own country. They are often born in exile and had no access to proper information on the recent developments in Afghanistan.
  5. Hardest-hit among these vulnerable returnees are: Young Men, Young Women with Children, Handicapped of all sorts.
  6. These youthful cannot count much on any support by their families and clans, who often reside in rural areas and have neither the means nor the understanding to help the young returnees who wish to live in an urban environment, similar to the one they have gotten used to in exile.
  7. Therefore, especially the young returnees are under massive stress to make a living back home; squeezed between traditional expectations and lack of skills to meet them.

What Help will do:

To reach out to and register trainees, we will combine several approaches.

  1. We rely on our well-established cooperation with DoRR, DoLSA and the municipalities of Herat and Bamyan. These partners will introduce vulnerable youth, and jointly we shall conduct a fair and transparent selection. This will also serve as “on job-training” for the partners.
  2. We will invite our partner organizations; UNHCR, DRC, NRC, World Vision, IOM, PIN to refer fitting cases for inclusion into our training-program.
  3. Fresh returnees will be welcomed and introduced to the program by our social workers at our Welcome Center in Islam Qala / the border crossing with Iran.
  4. Women with children (as recommended by the Departments of Women) will benefit from our kindergartens in all Centers, where qualified caretakers provide pre-schooling education, healthy food and will organize basic medical check-ups.
  5. We welcome handicapped in H. and B. With our specialized associate “ALSO”, we provide tailor-made facilities and curricula to address their specific needs.
  6. We might invite local vulnerable and forgotten cases from hosting communities to join our vocational training - if capacity allows.

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